The Endangered Species Act was enacted by the United States Congress in 1973 to protect "species that are likely to become extinct throughout all or a large portion of their range." There is also protection for Threatened Species, "that are likely to become endangered in the near future."

As of October 2009, 1,361 plants and animals in the United States were listed as threatened or endangered. I would like to add to the list a new threatened species known as the "Quarterback" - both college and professional versions of this species.

Last Sunday in the NFL, there were a total of 62 players who were listed as "out" due to an injury that curtailed their ability to play. Based on 30 active teams (Arizona and Washington were idle), 1.9 players per team sat out, which is below the three players per team lost due to injury in 2010. The New Orleans Saints sat down four players due to injury, while their opponent last week, the Atlanta Falcons, sat down three. Both teams were consistent with the 2010 man games lost numbers.

The Green Bay Packers had the most players out for week 10 with six, while eight teams noted no players out on last Friday's weekly injury reports. Those teams on the healthy list included the Bucs, Rams, 49ers, Chargers, Vikings, Dolphins, Bears and Panthers.

Have you ever wondered just how thick the human skull is? Research of 3,000 hospital patients who were CT scanned in China at Tiangin University of Science and Technology determined that the adult male human skull is 0.25 inches thick and 0.28 inches thick for the adult female skull. Maybe NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell asked the same question.

Back in week 13 of the 2009 NFL season, media reports stated that Commissioner Goodell "will reportedly expand restrictions on returning to games for players who sustain head trauma." In 2009, "a player (could) return to the game after being diagnosed with a concussion, if he is asymptomatic at rest and under exertion, and is cleared by the team doctor. The lone exception is if the medical staff determines that the player lost consciousness, in which case he is ruled out for the remainder of the game." The report, among other recommendations, went on to stress that Goodell wanted any player who is "woozy, has general dementia, or memory loss to be barred from returning to the game."

Several weeks ago I quoted a reference from the NFL's injury surveillance system, as reported in the May 28, 2009, edition of The New York Times, "Fast Forward; Injury Statistics Don't Add Up When Calculating Longer Season's Toll." The study found that the high point of players missing games was in Week 10, when an average of a little more than three players per team were out with injuries.

I thought we needed to give this reference some perspective to just how the global injury rate in the NFL over the last two seasons might compare to "wounds not mortal" taken from "The Navy Department Library," which has a reference to "principle wars in which the United States participated with U.S. personnel serving."

Noted fitness expert Mackie Shilstone is writing about injuries in the NFL this season and will take a look at the injury report for the New Orleans Saints and their opponent each week.

Have you ever made or heard the comment, "that person has great depth," implying extensive and detailed study or knowledge? The dictionary defines the word "depth" in one category as "the distance from the nearest to the farthest point (where) something happens." In the NFL, depth can be defined as the strength of a team's reserve of substitute players.

Last Sunday in the Saints' victory over the Bucs, depth was one of the keys to the Saints' win. Backup tight end Dave Thomas filled the void left with the ankle injury to Pro Bowl tight end Jimmy Graham.|Times-Picayune columnist Mike Triplett commented in his last Monday column "First and 10," that "once again the Saints proved that their offense is deep and versatile enough to survive the loss of any one playmaker- even someone as critical as Graham."

Mackie Spotlight

EJGH’s very own Mackie Shilstone, Executive Director of the Fitness Principle, is in New York working with Serena Williams as she goes for another U.S. Open title. As Williams’s Fitness Coach, Mackie will be part of the team preparing her for matches throughout the tournament. To give everyone a behind-the-scenes look at how Williams prepares for every opponent, Mackie is writing a daily postcard for detailing all the day’s happenings. Check back daily for updates. 8/22/13
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